EACT providing automation related consultation for over a decade Building Automation, Home Automation, Process Automaton, Substation Automation areas. Providing solutions in these industry naturally providing related services to enable the solution partners that we support.
Building and energy efficiency are world-wide topics. With the advancement of networking and real-time monitoring, business owners and operators are able to analyze and reduce their costs through new products and continual monitoring. Renewable resources and energy efficient products are not only a trend, but a long-term strategic initiative for everyone in the industry.
The journey of the data begins at the sensor connected to a device, for example an air conditioning unit or refrigerator. Now the data has to travel via a wireless or connected medium to get to an aggregation point, either a gateway or a datacenter. Gateways, such as the just launched IOT Gatway, are small, wireless or connected devices that collect, help secure and process sensor data at the edge of a network. They represent one way of collecting data and can be used as a smart device to perform real-time monitoring and analytics of streaming data.
Next, the traveling sensor data has to be integrated into a much larger pool of data, including non-sensor data such as weather, social media, CRM, business or other machine-to-machine data. There are two ways to analyze the data: 1. perform real-time analytics on streaming data (time series) at the edge (gateway). perform deeper analytics on the historic data set that can be done in the data centre to help predict maintenance events or forecast business trends.
Home automation is a modern technology that modifies your home to perform different sets of task automatically. Today Automatic frameworks are being favoured over manual frameworks. The first and most obvious advantage of Smart Homes is comfort and convenience, as more gadgets can deal with more operations (lighting, temperature, and so on) which in turn frees up the resident to perform other tasks. Smart homes filled with connected products are loaded with possibilities to make our lives easier, more convenient, and more comfortable. There is no shortage of possibilities for smart home IoT devices as home automation seems to be the wave of the future.
The IoT based Home Automation will enable the user to use a Home Automation System based on Internet of Things (IoT). The modern homes are automated through the internet and the home appliances are controlled. The user commands over the internet will be obtained by the Wi-Fi modems. The Microcontroller has an interface with this modem. The system status is displayed through the LCD display, along with the system data. This is a typical IoT based Home Automation system, for controlling all your home appliances. The smart home market is taking off as IoT device prices come down and the general public comes to understand the benefits of these products. And from smart homes, the next logical step is smart cities, which would take the IoT to the next level. And yet, smart homes are just one small part of our daily lives that the Internet of Things will transform in the coming years.
Connecting industrial devices, systems, and applications to provide plant and enterprise personnel with actionable information is not a new concept. Leading automation and software suppliers have been working diligently to address this requirement for decades. These efforts have not always been entirely successful, due in large part to poor interoperability between operational technology (OT) and information technology (IT). This has hampered business performance.
Intelligent field devices, digital field networks, Internet Protocol (IP)-enabled connectivity and web services, historians, and advanced analytics software are providing the foundation for an Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). The cost of connectivity is dropping dramatically, providing powerful potential to connect people, assets, and information across the industrial enterprise. Now, rather than having to build, integrate, and support purpose-built industrial solutions, automation suppliers and end users alike can reach out and embrace a wide variety of lower cost, fully supported commercial technologies within their industrial connectivity solutions.
Clearly, an industrial approach is required, one that enables manufacturers and other industrial organizations to enjoy the benefits of commercial, Internet-based technologies, but without the potential pitfalls that could include overwhelming people with irrelevant data and information, compromised data security, operational disruptions, and/or safety and environmental issues. Avoiding pitfalls such as these requires appropriate integration of both operational technology (OT) and information technology (IT), with an emphasis on maintaining effective safety and security approaches and practices.
Industrie4.0 to be an important subset of the overall IIoT. According to the IEC website, the proposed scope of the SG 8 Industry 4.0 Smart Manufacturing initiative, formed in September 2014, includes:
The concept of smart city and Internet of Things (IoT) is at the peak of the hype cycle. It offers tremendous promise of a future enabled by smart analytics that enhance efficiency, ease congestion, reduce waste and error and make our lives easier. Yet it faces many obstacles. Who will own the data it generates? Who can access it? What about privacy – and security? Who will pay for the infrastructure and who would truly benefit from it?
The history of smart grid offers significant parallels to the smart cities movement and the evolution toward the IoT. As IT and communications technologies transformed consumers lives over the past decade or so, utilities faced a range of challenges to integrate it effectively into their operations and their customer relationships. Throughout the transition, two patterns have endured. First, adoption tends to begin with use cases that promise near-term return on investment. Second, new technologies tend to emerge then merge.
Understanding how important effective communication is to the smart grid (part and parcel of IoE), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) established standard number 61850 so all substations are engineered to communicate in the same language and on the same networks.
Yes, this industry-wide standard sets the requirements for equipment to run successfully, but they aren’t arbitrary and they don’t exist in a vacuum. These standards were devised as a result of great foresight, anticipating and enabling a rapid expansion and hitherto unseen entanglement of the international electrical framework.
As such IEC-61850 represents a broader movement. It’s not about protocol as such, but a philosophy about interoperability and the future of energy distribution.How IEC-61850 Standards Influence Interoperability
The IEC-61850 standards establish three important guidelines for successful interoperability. These guidelines pertain to:
First, IEC-61850 standards require substation automation systems to be able to communicate with each other. While IEC-61850 isn’t a communications standard, per se, it does impact how substations communicate. The protocol provides a mechanism for how these substations exchange information, requiring them to use peer-to-peer communication tools over high-speed Ethernet networks.
The protocol also mandates that the communications tools are tied to software, not to hardware. This requirement speaks directly to and further empowers the digitization of energy. In so doing, it also helps managers to mitigate the labour-intensive efforts that would be needed to engineer, construct and test a substation automation communications system. Accordingly, it makes the broader network in which electrical assets interact a lot more scalable and a lot easier to interconnect.